Quantum many-body scars: unsupervised detection and classification with quantum machine learning



Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University in Kraków

January 21, 2022 11:00 AM

Highly excited eigenstates of quantum many-body systems are typically featureless thermal states. Some systems, however, possess a small number of special, low-entanglement eigenstates known as quantum scars.  We introduce a quantum-inspired machine learning platform based on a Quantum Variational Autoencoder (QVAE) that detects families of scar states in spectra of many-body systems. Unlike a classical autoencoder, QVAE performs a parametrized unitary operation, allowing us to compress a single eigenstate into a smaller number of qubits. We demonstrate that the autoencoder trained on a scar state is able to detect the whole family of related scar states sharing common features with the input state. We identify families of quantum many-body scars in the PXP model beyond the presently known ones and find dynamically decoupled subspaces in the Hilbert space of disordered, interacting spin ladder. The possibility of an automatic detection of subspaces of scar states opens new pathways in studies of models with a weak breakdown of ergodicity and fragmented Hilbert spaces.