Cambridge Quantum Computing
The ability to transfer coherent quantum information between systems is a fundamental component of quantum technologies and leads to coherent correlations within the global quantum process. However correlation structures in quantum channels are less studied than those in quantum states. Motivated by recent techniques in randomized benchmarking, we develop a range of results for efficient estimation of correlations within a bipartite quantum channel. We introduce sub-unitarity measures that are invariant under local changes of basis, generalize the unitarity of a channel, and allow for the analysis of coherent information exchange within channels. Using these, we show that unitarity is monogamous, and provide a novel information-disturbance relation. We then define a notion of correlated unitarity that quantifies the correlations within a given channel. Crucially, we show that this measure is strictly bounded on the set of separable channels and therefore provides a witness of non-separability. Finally, we describe how such measures for effective noise channels can be efficiently estimated within different randomized benchmarking protocols. We find that the correlated unitarity can be estimated in a SPAM-robust manner for any separable quantum channel, and show that a benchmarking/tomography protocol with mid-circuit resets can reliably witness non-separability for sufficiently small reset errors. The tools we develop provide information beyond that obtained via simultaneous randomized benchmarking and so could find application in the analysis of cross-talk and coherent errors in quantum devices.
The talk will be based on recent work with Matt Girling and David Jennings - https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.04352.
Zoom meeting details
Topic: Quantum Information and Quantum Computing Working Group
Time: June 10, 2021, 3:15 PM Warsaw
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Meeting ID: 96294497969
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