Efficient unitary t-designs with few non-Clifford gates

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Jonas

Haferkamp

April 1, 2020 10:30 AM

THIS IS REMOTE MEETING (DETAILS BELOW) Many quantum information protocols require the implementation of random unitaries. Because it takes exponential resources to produce Haar-random unitaries drawn from the full n-qubit group, one often resorts to t-designs. Unitary t-designs mimic the Haar-measure up to t-th moments. It is known that Clifford operations can implement at most 3-designs. In this work, we quantify the non-Clifford resources required to break this barrier. We find that it suffices to inject $O(t^4log^2(t)log(1/ε))$ many non-Clifford gates into a polynomial-depth random Clifford circuit to obtain an ε-approximate t-design. Strikingly, the number of non-Clifford gates required is independent of the system size asymptotically, the density of non-Clifford gates is allowed to tend to zero. We also derive novel bounds on the convergence time of random Clifford circuits to the t-th moment of the uniform distribution on the Clifford group. Our proofs exploit a recently developed variant of Schur-Weyl duality for the Clifford group, as well as bounds on restricted spectral gaps of averaging operators. The talk will be based on the paper: arxiv:2002.09524 ZOOM INFORMATION Topic: Quantum Information and Quantum Computing Working Group Time: Apr 1, 2020, 10:30 AM Warsaw Join Zoom Meeting link: QIQCWG-ZOOM Meeting ID: 640 279 690 Password: tp4C,kERx If you encounter any problems with connecting to the Zoom meeting, please email filip.b.maciejewski@gmail.com directly.