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About the Center for Theoretical Physics

Center for Theoretical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences (CTP PAS) was established in 1980. From this time it continues its scientific activities in several areas of theoretical and mathematical physics and, recently, astrophysics: classical and quantum field theory, gravitation theory, and theory of fundamental interactions, statistical physics and condensed mater theory, atomic physics and quantum optics, classical and quantum chaos, physical principles of information theory, theory of quantum information processing and astrophysics of cosmic phenomena. CTP PAS employs eight faculty members (professors) each leading a small group of research assistants working on their Ph. D.’s

Since the time of the creation of CTP PAS its researchers published around 1000 original papers in leading international journals (Physical Review A,B,D,E – over 250 papers, Physical Review Letters – over 50 papers), Nature, Communication in Mathematical Physics, Classical and Quantum Gravity and others.

In recent ten years over 30 scientific projects financed by Polish Committee for Scientific Research, Ministry of Higher Education, National Center for Scientific Research, and Foundation for Polish Science were carried out in CTP PAS. Among them was a solicited project of the Polish Ministry of Higher Education “Quantum engineering and information theory”. In this framework CTP PAS created and lead a consortium of 12 leading scientific institutions in Poland forming a scientific network “Laboratory of Physical Principles of Information Processing”. Several international scientific projects were carried out in CTP PAS, among them four projects financed by European Union and four other (among them one financed by Deautsche Forschungsgemeinschaft as a node of the Sonderforschungsbereich program).

More than 45 young researchers obtained their doctoral degrees under the supervision of faculty members of CTP PAS. Most of them continue their scientific careers in Polish and foreign research institutes and universities; more than one third of all Ph. D. graduates of CTP PAS achieved full professorships in various institutions in Poland, other European countries and the United States.

Staff and faculty members are very active in popularization and in promoting public understanding of science. Prof. Łukasz Turski was an originator of two fruitful ideas in this area: a yearly Scientific Picnic of the Polish Radio was born - the idea and its execution were awarded by European Commission as one of the ten exemplary European popularization projects and honored by the Gold Medal of the European Physical Society, and the science Exploratorium “Copernicus” a highly successful interactive science museum in Warsaw created and financed by the city of Warsaw. CTP PAS is a partner in the international program “Hands on Universe” aimed at teachers and students of secondary schools popularizing science with the help of state of the art astronomical equipment from observatories across the world (among them the Hubble telescope) via remote access and CCD cameras.

Scientific, educational and popularizing activities resulted in top rankings in evaluation procedures conducted by the Polish Ministry of Higher Educations from the beginning of the existence of CTP PAS up to the present times.

In recent years among the most important achievements of CTP PAS one counts

  • Formulation and application of a novel method for investigating cold atomic matter – the so called method of classical fields. The proposed approach proved to be applicable to analysis of variety of experimentally observed phenomena in cold atomic gases including temperature effects, decoherence and collisions of Bose-Einstein atomic condensates.
  • Constructing and operating astronomical observatory “Pi of the Sky” in San Pedro de Atacama (Chile) equipped with remotely controlled telescope. The observatory performs observations of fast optical phenomena of cosmic origins.
  • Discovery of optical glow accompanying a gamma burst at the distance of 7.5 billion light years from Earth. The observation was the first confirmation that gamma bursts are accompanied by electromagnetic emission in the visible spectrum.
  • Construction and analysis of novel characteristics of quantum entanglement in composite quantum systems. The constructed characteristics are experimentally accessible and indeed were used to characterize pioneering optical experiments concerning entangled photons.
  • Derivation of the Heisenberg-type uncertainty relation for photons.
  • Investigations of the entropic uncertainty relations characterizing quantum measurements.
  • Construction of a new variational principle for gravitationally self-interacting mass shell. The obtained results are general and universal, and as such applicable to most general situation of isolated gravitating systems.
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